Category Archives: Recycling

E-Cycling: Steps On How To Do It Right

Right off the top of the head if someone asks what is one electronic item most people use “The Cellphone” is sure to make the top 5, so will the Personal Computer or PC as it is referred to. This is the age of technology where distances have reduced to kbps and people talk across the world over VOIP. Technological advancement also meant additional products being brought by more people every year thus also adding to more electronic gadgets heading to the landfills.

Two million tons of tech trash ended up in landfills in 2005, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and only about 380,000 tons were recycled. If Americans recycled the more than 100 million cell phones that are no longer used, the amount of energy saved would be enough to power approximately 18,500 U.S. households for one year!

On Average people keep laptops for 3-4 years and cellphones are exchanged or trashed every 24 months! Imagine the amount of waste produced if they all end up in waste dumps! The first option should be reusing, You can either donate you used and working electronics to charitable organizations or you can find buyers for functioning second hand electronics easily online and there are also local stores which do the same. Make sure you erase the data multiple times before handing out any electronic items as most erase commands can be undone using strong programs and can lead to identity theft.  For more details on identity theft protection check this link

How can we best recycle our electronics?

Depending on where you live and the products you want to recycle, you can:

  • Find an e-waste collection event in your town – SEARCH HERE
  • Send your used tech stuff back to the manufacturer – SEARCH HERE
  • The Consumer Electronics Association , Electronic Industries Alliance , and Earth 911 Web sites identify electronic equipment recyclers in many areas around the country.
  • Head to a nearby retailer that accepts old electronics (Some have buy backs while others have postal e-cycling options, paid and for free..) – LOOK FOR STORES NEAR YOU HERE
  • With Cellphones and their chargers it is simple, most manufacturers have a mail in option to return your phone for recycling or you can find drop off points near where you are. What you need to do before you send it off for recycling:
    • Terminate your service.
    • Clear the phone’s memory of contacts and other stored information.
      • Manually delete all information, and follow instructions from your wireless carrier or the product manual on how to conduct a factory hard reset; or
      • Use data erasing tools that are available on the Web. One tool can be found here
    • Remove your SIM card and shred or cut it in half. If you are not sure if your phone uses a SIM card or if you need assistance removing your SIM card, contact your service provider or manufacturer.

With Computers too manually erase data using a strong tool like Eraser

To Donate Computers find an organization HERE
What all can be recycled?

  • Computers – CPU’s and laptops, mainframes, peripherals
  • Monitors – CRT’s and flat screens
  • Telephones, Cell phones and Telephone systems
  • Fax Machines and Central Office Equipment
  • Printers and Copiers
  • Televisions
  • Banking and Financial Equipment
  • Medical Equipment
  • Rechargeable batteries
  • Electronic Circuit boards and components
  • Stereo Equipment, Games, PDA’s

Some facts about e-recycling:

  • In 2007, approximately 18 percent (414,000 short tons) of TVs and computer products ready for end-of-life management were collected for recycling.
  • Cell phones were recycled at a rate of approximately 10 percent.
  • Recycling one million laptops saves the energy equivalent to the electricity used by 3,657 US homes in a year.
  • One metric ton of circuit boards can contain 40 to 800 times the concentrations of gold ore mined in the US and 30-40 times the concentration of copper ore mined in the US.
  • A recent, survey of three large mobile device recyclers indicated that in 2009 approximately 38% of mobile devices collected for recycling were reused/refurbished and 62% were recycled for material recovery.
  • The plastics recovered from cell phones are recycled into plastic components for new electronic devices or other plastic products such as garden furniture, license plate frames, non-food containers, and replacement automotive parts.
  • Cell phones have a number of different metals in them which can be recycled. For every million cell phones we recycle, 35,274 pounds of copper, 772 pounds of silver, 75 pounds of gold, and 33 pounds of palladium can be recovered. Recovering metals from used cell phones can reduce extraction of raw metals from the earth.
  • The principal markets for refurbished cell phones extend beyond the US—availing access to modern communication technology to many people in developing economies with who would not otherwise be able to afford it.

Last but not the least keep in mind if and when buying new electronics be aware and look for electronics which:

  • Contain fewer toxic constituents.
  • Use recycled materials in the new product.
  • Are energy efficient (e.g., showing the Energy Star label).
  • Are designed for easy upgrading or disassembly.
  • Use minimal packaging.
  • Offer leasing or takeback options.
  • Meet performance criteria showing they are environmentally preferable.
    • Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) is a procurement tool to help institutional purchasers in the public and private sectors evaluate, compare and select desktop computers, notebooks and monitors based on their environmental attributes. EPEAT also provides a clear and consistent set of performance criteria for the design of products, and provides an opportunity for manufacturers to secure market recognition for efforts to reduce the environmental impact of its products.

We can have the best programs and technology in the world but nothing matters unless each one of us takes responsibility for our actions. One cell phone, one battery, one PC at a time we can make a difference. Live Green!

Sources :US EPA Website

NRDC Green Living Guide

You can also recycle your cellphone here

USPS Postal recycling

Interesting Reads :

An Interesting article in wired.com

Recycling Plastic Made Easy

 

 Picture source telegraph.co.uk

A life surrounded by plastic! Where ever one lives world over, a thing that has become a part of our life is “plastic”. We get milk, meats, vegetables, detergents, cleaning supplies, lotions, medicines, you name it… anything one uses, it mostly comes covered in plastic!

I grew up in a minimum-plastic world with some plastic boxes containers etc around but people mostly stuck to steel, aluminum etc which were traditional allies. But then things changed plastic charmed one and all with its ease to use, lightness, cheap prices, longevity and of course the colors! The mom and pop store that by today’s standards were really green; they packaged their goods in newspaper! Tied it up using just strings! We all took bags when we went Grocery shopping! Once plastic bags arrived they all took to plastic like fish to water… There were even plastic bags blown up and used as balloons for decoration here and there. Now Plastic bags have been banned in the city I grew up in, after it clogged the drains and made the city roads canals during monsoon, well am glad it has been done better late than never. But Plastic still is very much around everywhere we go. California is on the way to become the first US state to ban plastic bags.

So let us get to know Plastic better so we can recycle it better:

What is Plastic?

plastic material is synthetic or semi-synthetic polymer used in the manufacturing of industrial products and may contain other substances to improve performance and/or reduce costs. It is made from natural gases and crude oil (around 4% of all crude oil is used in the manufacture of plastic!). There are many different kinds of plastics as we look around. Plastics are good for storage and are used as we know from food to cleaners and others.

Almost all the plastic containers and bottles we use have the triangular recycle sign imprinted on it along with a number in the center when it comes to Plastic. I have wondered what it stood for. On researching found out it was for recycling purposes and referred to the type of plastic as per composition.

So how do we know what each number means?

Before reading further do a simple test: Walk around your home with a piece of paper, write down the number in the center of the triangle on a piece of paper and come back we will compare notes and see what we have around us.

#1 – PET or PETE: polyethylene terephthalate is used in many soft drink, water, and juice bottles. It’s easily recycled, doesn’t leach, and accepted by just about all plastic recycling centers. (In my house that means water bottles, oil containers, sauce bottles, spice bottles, cleaner spray bottles etc…)

#2 – HDPE: high-density polyethylene is used in milk jugs, detergent and shampoo bottles; it hasn’t been found to leach and is widely accepted and easily recycled. (Milk jugs, lotions (sauve), generic pill bottles, pain-rubs, glue , most of my cleaning supplies & I also found some Rubber-maid containers with 2)

#3 – PVC: Vinyl or polyvinyl chloride is a bad, bad plastic. Soft PVC often contains and can leach toxic phthalates, and can also off-gas chemicals into the air. It’s used in some cling wraps, many children’s toys, fashion accessories, shower curtains,blister packs and detergent and spray bottles. To top it off, PVC isn’t recyclable, either. (Shower curtains and blister packs [those plastic bubbles which are fun to burst- cool stress reliever too! Now I need to wash my hands after bursting it] are all I managed to find with #3!)

#4 – LDPE: low-density polyethylene is used most plastic shopping bags, some cling wraps, some baby bottles and reusable drink & food containers. It hasn’t been found to leach, and is recyclable at most recycling centers (and many grocery stores take the shopping bags) but generally not in curbside programs. If you absolutely must use plastic wrap, stick to a brand that doesn’t employ PVC. Recycling code #3 and “V” are dead giveaways that it does.  (Did not find any in my home, cling-wraps I stopped using them some time back)

#5 – PP: polypropylene can be found in some baby bottles, lots of yogurt and deli takeout containers, and many reusable food and drink containers (like, the Tupperware- and Rubbermaid-types). It hasn’t been found to leach, and is recyclable in some curbside programs and most recycling centers. (The orange pill bottles from CVS!, Rubber-maid water bottles, Olay moisturizer bottle)

#6 – PS: polystyrene is used in takeout food containers, egg containers, and some plastic cutlery, among other things. It has been found to leach styrene–a neurotoxin and possible human carcinogen–and has been banned in cities like Portland, Ore. and San Francisco. Still, it persists and is not often recyclable in curbside programs, though some recycling centers will take it. (None found)

#7 – Everything else, and this is where the waters get a bit murky. First, and perhaps most notably, #7 includes PC, or polycarbonate, which made  headlines lately because it’s used in Nalgene’s reusable water bottles and has been found to leach bisphenol A, a hormone disruptor that mimics estrogen; as such, Nalgene is switching to HDPE, a less harmful plastic. (Lots of everything else’s, plastic covers, wrappers, other plastic containers etc…)

With #7 though you’re less likely to see them in the grocery store than some of the others, the growing crop of bio-plastics (made from plant-based material rather than the usual petroleum base for plastic) also falls under this umbrella, for now, at least. Most common of these is PLA, or polyactide, which is most commonly made with corn. It isn’t easily recycled, though it can be composted in industrial composting operations–your kitchen composter most likely doesn’t create enough heat to help it break down.

So, while cutting back on plastic packaging/ using recyclables is the greenest way to go, when it comes to buying new, it is recommended one sticks to the less toxic, more recyclable numbers. On the positive side today 80% Americans have access to Plastic recycling (not sure how many make use of it). 11 American states have a 5¢ to 15¢ deposit on plastic and glass bottled drinks etc… and those states have the highest recycling rates too. The Container Recycling Institute thinks a nationwide bottle deposit law would create the incentive to recycle, especially when it comes to plastic bottles, and ease the burden on taxpayers, who pay for cleaning up litter.

Watch Plastic being recycled

Until that comes into effect try not to buy plastic whenever possible and if you do remember to recycle, it will help reducing in the usage of fuel and add less to the landfills. It is time to stop using petroleum based products if you ask me.

Things I do to reduce using plastic:

  1. I have a re-useable water bottle; I do not buy bottled drinks any more.
  2. Take a shopping bag with me whenever I go shopping and even when I get take-out (they only look at you weird once, then they smile 🙂 )
  3. Sort out plastic separately when recycling and tie it up in a separate bag.
  4. Try not to use zip-lock bags, and re-use them multiple times before recycling them.
  5. I re-use plastic containers (especially the ones with 1 in the center) for storing dry food stuff.
  6. Stopped using cling wrap (it is one of those things I used because it was there J)
  7. If I see a bottle when am out walking, I tend to pick it up and bring it home for recycling.
  8. I know am still not doing all I can and I am taking steps towards being plastic free some time soon.

 

Some Plastic facts:

  • Plastic was first manufactured in 1855 by an Englishman Alexander Parkes from Cellulose and was called Parkesine! It made its world debut in the 1962 world’s fair in London.
  • Today’s plastic has its origin in Bakelite a synthetic polymer made from phenol and formaldehyde, along with additives like wood flour, slate, asbestos etc invented in 1909 by Leo Hendrik Baekeland, a Belgian-born American living in New York state. Bakelite was the first purely synthetic material not based on or derived from naturally occurring substances.
  • The word plastic has its roots in Greek ‘plastikos’ meaning fit for molding which in turn was derived from ‘plastos’ meaning molded.
  • Plastic should not be used for cooking in the Microwave, use it strictly for re-heating only and make sure the plastic is microwave safe.
  • It a land-fill plastic can sit around for 1000 years without deteriorating! (Just imagine centuries later archaeologists could find plastic intact in any one of their digs!!)
  • It’s estimated we use 1.6 million barrels of oil every year, just making plastic bottled water.
  • More than 1,400 quality products made with or packaged in post-consumer recycled plastics are now commercially available, including single-use cameras, park benches, sweaters, jeans, videocassettes, detergent bottles and children’s toys.
  • Only about 40% of the plastic which is send into recycling gets recycled, the rest ends up in the land fill.
  • Recycling 1 ton of plastic saves 7.4 cubic yards of landfill space.
  • Recycling a one-gallon plastic milk jug will save enough energy to keep a 100-watt bulb burning for 11 hours.
  • During Keep America Beautiful 2008 Great American Cleanup, volunteers recovered and recycled 189,000,000 PET (plastic) bottles that littered highways, waterways and parks.

Next time you are about to throw plastic into the trash bin, remember 1000 years. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle! Live Green! for a better tomorrow! 🙂

CLICK HERE TO FIND THE RECYCLE CENTER NEAR YOU

Sources :

cancer.org   americanchemistry     Institute of Agriculture and Trade Policy

If interested in BPA related stuff read this when in 2008 Nalgene a US company phased out its water bottles after it was found to leach Bisphenol-A(BPA).

To find recycled plastic products check out this list